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Tugas Bahasa Inggris semester 1


POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT

On Tuesday, October 12, 1999, a baby named Adnan was born in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina. Adnan was just one of 370,000 babies born that Tuesday, but his birth was a milestone for the world; he was named the world’s six-billionth human being. Form a world of 1 billion in 1804 and 3 billion in 1960, we reached 6 billion less than forty years later. This very rapid population growth is having serious effects on our food supply, our environment, and our species diversity.
Our growing population is affecting both the total amount of food we have and the distribution of the food to those who need it. Because of improvements in agriculture, we are still increasing the amount of food the world produces, but the rate of increase is slowing down. While people in developing countries often eat too little, people in the Western world eat far too many calories. Getting high-quality food to all those who are in need is a serious concern in a more and more crowded world.
Our skyrocketing population is also leading to serious problems in the quality of the environment. Our waste products are polluting our air, water, and soil. Developed countries are creating many more of the world’s energy. In short, the pressure of our expanding population on our resources is of great concern.
The third effect of our growing population is the crowding out of animal and plant species. In order to make room to build new houses, we are rapidly destroying our forests with all their plant and animal life. As a result, more and more species become extinct every year. When people move into the cleared forest areas, the wild animals that don’t get killed have no place to live. Unless we control our population explosion, we will have a world with fewer and fewer species of plants and animals.
The twentieth century saw a population boom never before experienced on our small planet. The impact of this population explosion on our food supply, our environment, and our diversity is beginning to be felt, and many experts believe it will get worse before it gets better. The 1 billion teenagers in the world today will be the people to decide whether to have only the 1/2 children per couple that the world needs to stabilize its population and save our quality of life.


Species diversity: the number of different plants and animals hat exist
Skyrocketing: increasing rapidly
A boom: a rapid increase
A rate: the speed at which something increases or decreases
To crowd out: to have no room for
An impact: an effect
Extinct: no longer existing
To stabilize: to keep the same; to stop changing

NOISE POLLUTION

If indeed silence is golden, it is also becoming as rare as gold. It seems that the progress of man includes a rising volume of noise. In every home a stereo or television will fill the rooms with sound. Between sunrise and sunset, streets and highways are constant source of noise from cars, busses, and trucks. You can pass any factory or construction area and the roar of its machinery will make your ears ring. Music is played in every supermarket, most restaurants, and many offices. Big cities of the world are well-known for their noisiness.
Noise pollution is the new side effect of our technological age. Day or night, the sound of work fills the air. It seems that the soothing effects of silence are nowhere to be found. Even the quiet of our carefully protected wilderness areas can be invaded at any moment by a passing jet.
We are learning, finally, that silence is a natural resource and must be protected by law. It appears that we all find company in sound, but at the same time, we all demand a little quiet from time to time.
Comprehension

  1. What is silence like?

  1. Where do noises come from in our everyday life?

  1. What objects around you may become sources of pollution?

  1. How do factories make your ears ring?

  1. Where is music mostly played?

  1. What are big cities of the world well-known for?

  1. Give some examples of noise pollution!

  1. Can we find the soothing effects of silence around us?

  1. What do we learn from the above reading?

  1. What do we actually want from our surrounding?

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